The Renting Homes (Wales) Act 2016 sets outs the obligations placed on a landlord
with regard to the condition of a dwelling.
The Act applies to all occupation contracts made for a term of less than seven years.
Properties must be compliant with the fitness for human habitation test from 15 th July
A landlord must ensure a dwelling is both in repair and fit for human habitation
(FFHH) not only. at the start of but during the length of the occupation contract.
A court will consider each particular case on its own merit.
A landlord who has concerns about the fitness of a dwelling is advised to seek professional advice before issuing an occupation contract.
Landlord’s obligation to keep the dwelling in repair
Landlords must ensure the following:
The property must be kept in repair and a landlord has a legal obligation to ensure
- the structure and exterior of the dwelling (including drains, gutters and
external pipes), and
- the service installations in the dwelling, such as those:
- for the supply of water, gas or electricity,
- for sanitation, and
- for space heating or for heating water
are kept in a repair!!!
As soon as the landlord is aware that repairs are required THEY MUST BE
CARRIED OUT TO A REASONABLE STANDARD!
The landlord cannot place any obligation on the contract-holder regarding the
repairs, for example contributing to the cost, where the repair is not the fault of
The Renting Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) (Wales) Regulations 2022
(senedd.wales) sets out the 29 matters and circumstances when determining
whether a property is FFHH.
Part 1 of the guidance addresses each of the 29 matters and circumstances listed
under the Schedule to the FFHH Regulations. The fitness test is determined by
having regard to the 29 matters.
Part 2 of this guidance deals with specific requirements placed on the landlord as
part of the FFHH Regulations, in order to help ensure that some of the 29 matters
and circumstances do not arise.
Landlords should already be familiar with the Housing Health and Safety Rating
These regulations detail the hazards associated with a risk of harm.
It is important to note that irrespective of whether a hazard as set out in Schedule 1
to the HHSRS Regulations exists is not a pre-determination of whether a dwelling is
unfit for human habitation.
This article is for information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Please contact us for advice.